The National Food Security Act 2013 (NFSA) was enacted in the year 2013 and came to force w.e.f. 5th July, 2013.The act provides for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity.
The Act delinked the coverage under TPDS from erstwhile poverty estimates, instead coverage is linked to the population estimates and inter alia entitles up to 75% of the rural population and up to 50% of the urban population for receiving subsidised food grains under TPDS. Thus covering nearly two-thirds of the country’s population, as per Census 2011, to receive highly subsidised foodgrains under TPDS.
Government of India has fixed the ceiling on number of beneficiaries under NFSA, 2013 at 82.17% of the rural population & 55.77% of the urban population for Odisha. Accordingly, the ceiling for TPDS beneficiaries of Odisha has been fixed at 3,26,41,800 under NFSA.
Eligible households/beneficiaries under NFSA comprise of Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households and persons belonging to Priority households (PHH) categories, AAY households, which constitute the poorest of the poor, are entitled to receive 35Kg of food grains per household per month whereas households covered under PHH category are entitle to receive 5 kg of food grains per person per month at highly subsidised prices of Rs.3/2/1 per Kg for Rice/Wheat/Coarse grains.
The Government of Odisha vide the Extraordinary Odisha Gazette No. 1525 dated.2nd November, 2015 decided that all eligible households (PHH & AAY) who have been issued with new Ration Cards under NFSA,2013 shall be entitled to receive food grains i.e. Rice and Wheat at subsidized price, at the rate of Re.1/-(one) per Kilogram from the Fair Price Shops (FPS) functioning under Targeted Public Distribution System.
The Scale of supply of food grains for the Priority Household is 5 (Five) kilograms per person per month Rice or Wheat or combination of both. For AAY Household, the scale of supply of food grain is 35 (Thirty-five) kilograms of Rice per month per Household.