FAQ

National Food Security Act,2013

1. What is the significance of the ‘National Food Security Act, 2013’ ?

This new law enacted by the Parliament became effective from the 5th of July,2013 with the objective to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people so that they can live a life with dignity.

2. What is the coverage plan under NFSA 2013 at the national level?

The Act provides for coverage of upto 75% of the rural population and upto 50% of the urban population for receiving subsidized foodgrains under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), thus covering about two-thirds of the total population at the national level.

3. What is the coverage plan for Odisha under NFSA 2013?

Government of India has fixed the ceiling on  number of  beneficiaries under NFSA at 82.17% of  rural population and 55.77% of  urban population for Odisha. Accordingly, the ceiling for TPDS beneficiaries  of Odisha has been fixed at 326.41 lakh based on this formula.

4. What are the provisions under NFSA 2013 ?
  • The eligible households will be entitled to receive 5 Kgs of foodgrains per person per month at subsidised prices of Rs. 3/2/1 per Kg for rice/wheat/coarse grains.
  • The existing Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households, which constitute the poorest of the poor, will continue to receive 35 Kgs of foodgrains per household per month.
5. Which programmes/schemes are specifically under the purview of NFSA 2013 ?
  • Targeted Public Distribution System,
  • Mid Day Meal (MDM) and
  • Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) under ICDS
6. What are the additional supports for the nutritional well being of women and children under NFSA?
  • The Act gives special focus on the nutritional support to women and children. Besides meal to pregnant women(soon after registration of pregnancy) and lactating mothers (till six months after the child birth), such women will also be entitled to receive maternity benefit of Rs. 6,000 per child for the first 2 deliveries.
  • Children in the age group of 6 months to 6 years are entitled to nutritious meals from the AWC. Children in the age group of 6-14 years are entitled to nutritional meals under MDM as per the prescribed nutritional standards.
. What is the provision under Maternity Benefit in Odisha ?

Pregnant women and lactating mothers are already receiving maternity benefit of  Rs. 5,000 under Mamata scheme and IGMSY since 2011.

8. On whose name is Ration Card issued under NFSA 2013 ?

Eldest woman of the household of age 18 years or above is the head of the household for the purpose of issuing of Ration Cards.

9. What happens in case there is no supply of food grains/meals underTPDS/ MDM/SNP ?

In case of non-supply of entitled foodgrains or meals, the beneficiaries are entitled to receive food security allowance.

10. Who is responsible for identification of beneficiaries under NFSA in Odisha?

As specified under  Section 10 of the Act, the responsibility of identifying the beneficiaries is with the State Government.

11. What are the Inclusion and Exclusion criteria under NFSA in Odisha ?
  • Inclusion Criteria: Any household without shelter, household with destitute who is living on alms, all households of Primitive Tribal Groups, households having a widow pension holder, if not otherwise ineligible as per the nine exclusion criteria, a person with disabilities of 40% or more and any transgender person.
  • Exclusion Criteria: Any household with monthly income of more than Rs. 10,000 in rural areas and in excess of Rs. 15,000 in urban areas, persons having four wheeler or two 3-wheelers, business with TIN, electric consumption of more than 300 units per month, any State government or Central government employee, persons having tractors, power-tillers, fishing boats or other heavy vehicles, persons having entrepreneurship, professional tax payers and households having pucca and fire proof house with 3 or more rooms( excepting Indira Awas/Biju Pucca ghar beneficiaries).
12. What is the status of identification and distribution of Ration Cards to eligible beneficiaries in Odisha ?

The identification and digitization of beneficiaries has been done in Odisha through a series of elimination of In-eligible Households and finalisation of Priority Households after thorough Desk Review, Field Verification of Suspect Lists, Objection Hearing and Correction of Erroneous Forms meant for identification of in-eligible beneficiaries.The status as on 31st Aug 2016, is mentioned in the following table:

Sl Aspects Figures
1 Existing number of Households covered under TPDS 60,48,181
2 Number of Households in Priority list under NFSA 84,88,075
3 Percentage of Priority list households to TPDS households 140%
4 Individuals in priority list under NFSA 3,18,28,851
5 Maximum population to be covered under NFSA (77% of the state population as per census 2011, i.e., 82.1 % of Rural & 55.7 % of Urban Population) 3,25,78,820
6 Percentage of Priority List population to Maximum population under NFSA 97.7%
7 Percentage of Priority list population to Census  population, 2011 75.7%
8 Percentage of Households which have been seeded with Aadhar number 71.6%
9 Percentage of Households with Bank A/c no. seeding 13.7%
13. What is the cost of intra-State transportation & handling of foodgrains and FPS Dealers' margin ?

Central Government will provide assistance to States in meeting the expenditure incurred on transportation of food grains within the State, its handling cost and FPS dealers’ margin as per norms.

14. Why digitization under TPDS is being carried on?

Computerisation of beneficiary database and supply chain management are essential to: enable correct identification of beneficiaries, check leakages, diversions and also to introduce transperancy and public accountability. Seeding of Aadhar and Bank account numbers in ration card database for smooth transaction under PDS is included in this process.

15. What are the provisions under ‘Antyodaya Anna Yojna’?

AAY is a bold step under  TPDS for reducing hunger among the poorest segments of the population. This section of the population could be called as "hungry”. In order to make TPDS more focused and targeted towards this category of population, the AAY was launched in December, 2000. AAY involved identification of poorest amongst the  BPL families covered under TPDS within the States and providing them food grains at a highly subsidized rate of Rs.2/- per kg. for wheat and Rs.3/- per kg for rice. The States/UTs are required to bear the distribution cost, including margin to dealers and retailers as well as the transportation cost.

The scale of issue is 35 kg of Rice per family per month with effect from 1st April 2002. The AAY Scheme has been expanded to cover 2.28 crore AAY families as on 31st March 2016 in India.

16. Who are included in AAY households ?

The AAY households include all landless agriculture laborers, marginal farmers, rural artisans /craftsmen (potters, tanners, weavers, blacksmiths, carpenters), slum dwellers and persons earning their livelihood on daily basis in the informal sector like porters, coolies, rickshaw pullers, hand cart pullers, fruit and flower sellers, snake charmers, rag pickers, cobblers, destitutes and other similar categories in both rural and urban areas. It also includes households headed by widows or terminally ill persons/disabled persons/ persons, single women or single men  aged 60 years or more with no assured means of subsistence or societal support. It also includes all primitive tribal group households.

17. What are the functions assigned to the State Food Commission?

The State Food Commission shall undertake the following functions,namely:-
(i) monitor and evaluate the implementation of the Act;
(ii) either suo motu or on receipt of complaint inquire into violations of entitlements;
(iii) give advice to the State Government on effective implementation of this Act;
(iv) give advice to the State Government, their agencies,autonomous bodies as well as non-governmental organizations involved in delivery of relevant services for the effective implementation of food and nutrition related schemes,to enable individuals to fully access their entitlements specified in this Act;
(v) hear appeals against orders of the District Grievance Redressal Officer;
(vi) prepare annual reports which shall be laid before the State Legislature by the State Government.

18. What is the grievance redressal mechanism followed by the State Food Commission?

The State Food Commission shall hear the appeal of any person aggrieved  by  the decision of any  District Grievance Redressal Officer (DGRO). At the district level the PD,DRDA has been assigned the responsibility of   DGRO to deal with the grievances under NFSA. Such grievances relate to 3 schemes(TPDS,ICDS and MDM).

19. What will the State Food Commission do for instances of failure to comply with the provisions under NFSA?

For such instances of failure to comply with the provisions under the NFSA, the Commission can take cognizance and impose penalty on the wrong doers.

20. What are the functions of Vigilance Committees under NFSA,2013 ?

The Vigilance Committees shall perform the following functions, namely:-

  1. regularly supervise the implementation of all schemes under this Act ;
  2. inform the D.G.R.O, in writing, of any violation of the provisions of this Act ; and
  3. inform the D.G.R.O,in writing,of any malpractice or misappropriation of funds found by it.

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)

1. When was ICDS launched ?

ICDS was launched on 2nd October 1975 and currently, ICDS Scheme represents one of the world's largest and most unique programmes for early childhood development. The objective is to:

  • Improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group of 0-6 years;
  • Lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child;
  • Reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity and malnutrition;
  • Achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development;
  • Enhance the capability of the mother/care giver to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.
2. What are the services provided under the ICDS scheme ?

The six integrated package of services of ICDS are: –

Services Target Group Service Provided by
Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) Children below 6 years,Pregnant women and Lactating mothers Anganwadi Worker
Immunization Children below 6 years, Pregnant Women and Lactating mothers ANM/MO
Health Checkup Children below 6 years, Pregnant women and Lactating mothers ANM/MO/AWW
Referral Services Children below 6 years,Pregnant women and Lactating mothers AWW/ANM/MO
Pre-School Education Children in the age group of 3-6 years AWW
Nutrition & Health Education Adolescent Girls & Women (15-45 years) AWW/ANM/ASHA
3. What is Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) ?

It is the supplementation of food provided to all pregnant women, lactating mothers and children in  the age group of 6 months to 6 years  to meet their nutritional needs.  The calorie and protein supplementation norm aims to fulfill the gap between the Average Dietary Intake (ADI) in the community and Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA).It has the following two broad components: –

  1. Morning Snacks and Hot Cooked Meal are provided to those who can come to the Anganwadi Centers, i.e., Children between 3 to 6 years of age; and
  2. For children between 6 months to 3 years of age, Pregnant women, Lactating mothers and Severely malnourished children, Take Home Ration (THR) is provided. Also it has another component to provide eggs twice a week to pregnant women and lactating mothers at AWC.
4. What is the feeding norm under SNP for pre-school children?

Odisha State has adopted decentralized procurement and distribution under ICDS feeding programme. The daily menu has been diversified and standardized for the entire State keeping constant the prescribed calorie and protein norms, within the per beneficiary ration cost. The entitlements for children of 3-6 years age group for feeding at AWC are as under as  per the latest guideline: –

Day Morning snacks Ration size (gm) Hot cooked meal Ration size/ child/ day (gm) Calorie Protein

(gm)

 (Cost/beneficiary /day is Rs.6) Rs 6.00
Monday Sprouted Moong 20 Rice & Dalma Rice – 80

Dal – 30

Veg – 80

Oil – 3

522.2 17.97
Tuesday Chuda Laddu 40 Rice & Soyabean curry Rice – 80

Veg – 50

Soya – 25

Oil – 3

555.6 15.18
Wednesday Chuda Laddu 40 Rice & egg curry Rice – 80

Egg – 1 p

Potato– 50

Oil – 3

577.10 14.83
Thursday Sprouted moong 20 Rice & Dalma Rice – 80

Dal – 30

Veg – 80

Oil – 3

522.50 17.97
Friday Chuda Laddu 40 Rice & egg curry Rice – 80

Egg – 1p

Potato– 50

Oil – 3

577.10 14.83
Saturday Chuda Laddu 40 Rice & egg curry Rice – 80

Egg – 1 p

Potato– 50

Oil – 3

577.10 14.83
TOTAL 3331.9 95.61
Average /day 555.32 15.94

The Schedule for Hot Cooked Meal has to be adhered to in all the AWCs. However, the concerned Jaanch Committee may decide to vary only the Morning Snacks with local fruit/ badam ladoo etc to children.

5. What is THR and what are the provisions under it ?

Government has taken an in-principle decision to give Ready to Eat [RTE] i.e. wheat-based Chhatua in the form of THR to all eligible beneficiaries. It is given to pregnant women, lactating mothers and children in the age group of 6 months to 3 years as they do not attend the AWC on a daily basis. The severely malnourished children of 3-6 years are also given THR over and above Hot Cooked Meal. In addition to Chhatua, eggs are also  given to the beneficiaries as THR on a weekly basis, if they do not come to AWC for spot consumption  due to any unforeseen reason. THR(Chhatua) is supplied on the 1st and 15th of every month to the beneficiaries as per the table below -

Category Egg/Rasi laddoo Take Home Ration K. Calorie per day Protein

(gm) per day

Cost (Rs) per day
Entitlements of THR/ Chhatua  ingredients per day (gm) Total quantity of ingredients for THR /Chhatua

(Kg)

Net quantity of Chhatua after processing loss-15% (kg)
6 months – 3 years 1 boiled egg/week 160 2 1.7 617 20 6
Pregnant /lactating women 2 boiled eggs/week 200 2.5 2.125 781 27 7
Severely Underweight

6 months – 3 years

2 boiled eggs/week 240 3.0 2.55 931 30.9 9
Severely underweight

3 years - 6 years (in addition to hot cooked meal)

Rasi laddo 100 gm packet/ month 80 2 1.7 329 10.3 3

The ratio of ingredients of THR for children are: – Groundnut: Bengal Gram: Sugar: Wheat – 3:4:5:20. Ratio for pregnant and lactating mothers : - 4:6:5:25

THR is manufactured, packaged and supplied to AWCs. The manufacturing is done through SHG (in a completely decentralized mode) under strict quality parameters. Separate guidelines for monthly e-payment to SHGs based on their submission of expenses, monitoring, quality testing through laboratory and packaging for all categories are also to be met. Community participation is ensured through increased awareness generation, ownership and involvement of Jaanch committee, Mothers Committee and involvement of the PRI.

6. How is quality ensured in SNP under ICDS ?

As per the THR/SNP guideline the quality has to be ensured through :–

  1.  Ensuring procurement of best quality Dal, vegetables, eggs, condiments, iodised salt.
  2. The concerned Jaanch Committee, Mother's Committee and Supervising Officers should also take up random quality check during their visits.
  3. The quality of food must be tasted in a small quantity by the Jaanch Committee member every week.
  4. Wheat meant for THR should be lifted from FCI and supplied to the concerned SHG(s). Proper receipts regarding quality and quantity should be taken from the SHG(s).
  5. In order to ensure uniformity and quality it is better that a single SHG supplies to the whole Block/Project. If that is not feasible, the Collector can assign maximum two SHGs to prepare Chhatua in a Block/Project.
  6. The Collectors should designate a squad of 5-6 persons [by name] who will make random checks during preparation of Chhatua/Ladoo and ensure proper quantity and quality as specified.
  7. In Odisha, State Public Halth Laboratory has been given the responsibility to test the quality of SNP samples sent from each THR manufacturing units of the districts.
7. What is SABLA scheme and who are covered under it ?

Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) i.e SABLA aims at covering all out-of-school Adolescent Girls in the age group of 11 to 18 years who would assemble at the Anganwadi Centre on Saturdays. Here they receive life skills education, nutrition and health education, awareness about socio-legal issues etc. This aims to motivate the out of school girls to also join school and help the school going to receive the life skills. This scheme mainly aims at reducing the drop out rate of Adolescent Girls by increasing their literacy rate and work participation.

Target Group:

In order to give age appropriate attention for certain components of ARSH & life skill education, the target group is divided into two categories, viz 11-14 years & 15-18 years in 9 selected districts viz. Koraput, Kalahandi, Cuttack, Sundargarh, Bargarh, Puri, Gajapati, Mayurbhanj and Bhadrak.

Under the Nutrition Component of the scheme ‘Take Home Ration’ @ Rs 5/- per adolescent girl is provided for 25 days a month.
a)11-14 years: Out of school girls
b)14 -18 years: both out of school and school going girls

Mid Day Meal (MDM)

1. What is the provision under MDM ?

With a view to enhance enrolment, retention and attendance and simultaneously improving nutritional levels among children, the National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE) was launched as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme on 15th August 1995, initially in 2408 blocks in the country. If the Mid-Day Meal is not provided in school on any school day due to any reason, the State Government shall pay food security allowance.

MDM is also served in drought-affected areas during summer vacation also.

2. How rice and other food items are supplied under MDM ?

Rice is procured from FCI and transported by the contractors engaged by the district  who deliver at  schools. Rice is supplied (@ 100 grams per child per school day at Primary and @ 150 grams per child per school day at Upper Primary level.

Whereas other food items like pulses, condiments, oil, soyabeans, spices, eggs and firewood have to be procured locally through decentralized procurement system by the SHG engaged for MDM by the School Management Committee(SMC).

3. What is the feeding norm and nutritional component of MDM ?

Relevant details are specified in the table below.

Day Hot cooked meal Ration size/ child/ day (gm) Calorie Protein

(gm)

Ration size/ child/ day (gm) Calorie Protein

(gm)

Class Class I to V Class VI to VIII
Cost/beneficiary/day Rs 4.58 Rs 6.83
Cost of Fuel Rs 0.40 Rs 0.71
Monday and Thursday Rice & Dalma Rice – 100

Dal – 25

Veg – 60

Oil – 35

503.8 13.09 Rice – 150

Dal – 30

Veg – 100

Oil – 7.5

745.5 18.2
Tuesday and Friday Rice & Soyabean curry Rice – 100

Veg – 60

Soya – 12

Oil – 5

470.8 14.09 Rice – 150

Veg – 100

Soya – 25

Oil – 7.5

719.5 25.12
Wednesday and Saturday Rice & egg curry Rice – 100

Egg – 1 p

Roots/tubers– 60

Oil – 5

506.3 14.29 Rice – 150

Egg – 1 p

Roots/tubers– 100

Oil – 7.5

721.0 18.3
TOTAL 2961 82.8 4372 123
Average /day 487.56 13.5 780.33 20.4

 

4. How is quality ensured under MDM ?
  • Hot cooked meal provided to children shall be evaluated and certified by the Government Food Research Laboratory or any laboratory accredited. The meal should meet the specified nutritional standards and quality.
  • The Food and Drugs Administration Department of the State may collect samples to ensure the nutritive value and quality of the meals.
  • The Department shall collect the samples at least once in a month from randomly selected schools or centralised kitchens and send such samples for testing in the laboratories listed by the Deptt.
  • The ‘School Management Committee’ (SMC) shall oversee quality of meals provided to the children, cleanliness at the place of cooking and maintenance of hygiene in implementation of mid day meal scheme.

Minorities & Backward Classes Welfare Department

1. How many children are provided with food and nutritional support by residential schools under ST, SC Development deptt.?

Residential schools provide MDM along with breakfast and dinner. The total cost of per child per month is Rs 750. The nutritional value of morning and evening meals is yet to be determined. The total monthly ration cost per child and the number of children receiving this is indicated below.

No of children Monthly ration cost/ child/ month
Class 1-5 receiving MDM and other meals 2,46,317 Rs 750
Class 6-8 receiving MDM and other meals  1,38,071 Rs 750
Class 9-10 receiving 3 meals at school 5,2899 Rs 750
Total 4,37,287
2. What is the per child detailed dietary expense(excluding MDM) in residential schools?
Sl no Details of items Quantity/time No of time Quantity /month Amount/month
1 Rice 250 gm 2 15 Kg Rs 15
2 Dal 30 gm 2 As per market price Rs 400
3 Vegetable 135 gm 2
4 Oil/Salt/Spices 20 gm 2
5 Fuel Rs 65
6 Egg 1/two weeks 2 Rs 10
7 Chicken 150 gm Once a week 600 gm Rs 84
8 Breakfast 1 Rs 150
9 DTH Rs 2
10 Misc. Rs 22
11 Sanitation Rs 2
Total Expenditure (boys) Rs 750
12 Toiletaries/Sanitary for girls Rs 50
Total Expenditure (girls) Rs 800

SOCIAL SECURITY SCHEMES DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY AFFECTING FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY

National schemes
Sl No Scheme Name Deptt. Eligibility Benefits
National schemes
1 Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) Social Welfare Individuals aged 60 years and

above

living below the poverty line

Rs 200 per month for beneficiaries aged 60–79 and Rs 500 per month for those 80 years and above.
2 Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS) Social Welfare Widows aged 40 years and above living below the poverty line Rs 300 per month.

Rs500 for those 80 years and above.

3 Annapurna Scheme Social Welfare Senior citizens This scheme aims to provide food security to meet the requirement of those senior citizens who, though eligible, have remained uncovered under the IGNOAPS. Under the scheme, 10 kg of free rice is provided every month.
4 National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS) Social Welfare The bread-winner should have been between 18–60 years of age. In the event of death of a bread-winner in a household, the family will receive lumpsum assistance of Rs 20,000. The assistance would be provided in every case of death of a bread-winner in a household.
5 Indira Gandhi National

Disability

Pension Scheme (IGNDPS)

Social Welfare Individuals aged 18 years and

above with more than 80%

disability and of BPL category.

Rs 300 per month and Rs 500 for those 80 years and above.
6 Rajiv Gandhi national crèche scheme Social Welfare Children of working and ailing mothers Financial assistance has been given to the implementing agency for each Creeche unit of 25 children at the rate Rs. 42,384/-per annum for recurring expenditure and Rs. 10,000/- for Non-recurring items for one time at the initial stage of sanction. After completion of five years, a sum of Rs. 2,000/- is given as replenishment grants for each unit. Each unit is provided with sleeping facilities, health care , supplementary Nutrition, immunization etc.
7 Supplementary Nutrition programme

(SNP) under Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS)

Social Welfare All Pregnant and Lactating women, All children of age 7 months to 6 SNP is one of the six core services under ICDS. Under universal approach, SNP is provided in the form of -

- Morning Snacks and Hot Cooked Meal - Children of 3-6  years, who can come to the Anganwadi Centers.
- Take Home Ration (THR) - Children between 6 months-3 years, Pregnant & Lactating Mothers and Severely malnourished children.

years. - Pregnant and lactating women are provided with two eggs a week at AWC.
8 Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for empowerment of Adolescent Girls (SABLA) Social Welfare All adolescent girls of age 11-18 years IN 200 districts of the country The target group is divided in to two categories, viz 11- 14 years & 15-18 years in 9 selected districts viz. Koraput, Kalahandi, Cuttack, Sundargarh, Bargarh, Puri, Gajapati, Mayurbhanj and Bhadrak. For 15-18 years old out of school girl, age appropriate attention on ARSH, vocational training & life skill education is provided

Under the Nutrition Component of the scheme ‘Take Home Ration’ @ Rs 5/- per adolescent girl is provided for 25 days a month.

a)11-14 years: Out of school girls

b)14 -18 years: both out of school and school going girls.

8 Kishori Shakti Yojna under ICDS Social Welfare All adolescent

girls of age 11-18 years

It    aims      to   improve   the     nutritional,       health     and

development status of adolescent girls, promote awareness on health, hygiene, nutrition and family care, link them to opportunities for learning life skills, going back to school, help them gain a better understanding of their social environment and take initiatives to become productive members of the society in 6118 blocks of the country who are provided an annual grant of Rs 1.1 lakh.

9 The Indira

Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)

Ministry of Women and Child

Development

Pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for first two live births There is a provision of cash maternity benefit of Rs 6,000 stated in two installments. Presently, the scheme is implemented on a pilot basis in 53 selected districts and proposals are under consideration to scale it up to 200 additional 'high burden districts'.
10 Jan Aushadhi Yojna Deptt. of Pharmaceutic als, Ministry of Chemicals and

Fertilizers

All, particularly the poor and disadvantaged Making quality medicines (total 615 medicines, through 432 stores at present) available at affordable prices for all, , through exclusive outlets “Jan Aushadhi Medical Store”, so as to reduce out of pocket expenses in healthcare. In Odisha there are 25 stores.
11 National Food Security Mission Agriculture All farmers In the 12th Five Year Plan the target is an additional production of food grains of 25 million tons comprising of 10 million tons rice, 8 million tons of wheat, 4 million tons of pulses and 3 million tons of coarse cereals. In Odisha the focus is on Rice and pulses cultivation.
12 Swaccha Bharat Mission Rural Development Access to every person with sanitation facilities including toilets, Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) for rural areas and Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) for urban areas. The Unit cost of the Individual Household Latrine is Rs.10,000/ for rural areas and Rs.12,000/ for urban
solid & liquid waste disposal systems, village cleanliness and provision of adequate drinking water. areas so as to provide water availability, including storing, hand washing and cleaning of toilets. There is no fixed amount for beneficiary contribution but it is suggested that it should be encouraged to ensure ownership of the HH.
13 National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRWDP) Rural Development All rural households Provide every rural person with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other basic domestic needs on a sustainable basis, with a minimum water quality standard, which should be conveniently accessible at all times and in all situation. It is giving special emphasis on piped water supply in rural habitations. States are being asked to plan for coverage of habitations with piped water supply through stand posts or household connections
14 MGNREGA (Mahatma

Gandhi National rural employment guarantee act)

Rural Development the NREGA covered all the districts of India The scheme aims at enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year, to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work". Another aim is to create durable assets (such as roads, canals, ponds, wells).

Employment is to be provided within 5 km of an
applicant's residence, and minimum wages are to be
paid (Rs 174 in Odisha). If work is not provided within

15 days of applying, applicants are entitled to an unemployment allowance. Thus, employment under MGNREGA is a legal entitlement

15 Nutritional Rehabilitation Centres (NRCs) Health & Family

Welfare

SAM children under the age of 5 years Set up in the health facilities for inpatient management of severely malnourished children with counselling of mothers for proper feeding. Provision of Rs 50/- per day as wage loss compensation for mothers and both moth and child get free food.
16 Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram

(JSSK)

Health & Family

Welfare

Pregnant women and sick new born provision for following services 30 days after birth (1) Free and zero expense treatment, (2) Free drugs and consumables, (3) Free diagnostics & Diet, (4) Free provision of blood, (5) Free transport from home to health institutions, (6) Free transport between facilities in case of referral, (7) Drop back from institutions to home, (8) Exemption from all kinds of user charges.
17 Reduction in morbidity and mortality due to Acute

Respiratory Infections (ARI) and Diarrhoeal Diseases :

Health & Family

Welfare

All children under
the age of 5 years.
India introduced the low osmolarity Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) for the management of diarrhea.

Zinc has been approved as an adjunct to ORS for the management of diarrhea.

Early diagnosis and appropriate case management by rational use of antibiotics to prevent deaths due to pneumonia.

18 Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) Health & Family

Welfare

Children going to AWCs and

schools

Early identification and early intervention for children from birth to 18 years to cover 4 ‘D’s viz. Defects at birth, Deficiencies, Diseases, Development delays including disability.
19 Rashtriya

Swasthya Bima Yojana

Health & Family

Welfare

Every "below poverty line" (BPL) family The family pays Rs 30        as registration fee to get a

biometric-enabled smart card containing their fingerprints and photographs. This enables them to receive inpatient medical care of up to 30,000 per family per year in any of the empanelled hospitals.

Pre-existing illnesses are covered from day one, for head of household, spouse and up to three dependent children or parents.

20 Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram Health & Family

Welfare

All adolescents in the age of 10-19 years. It realigns the existing clinic-based curative approach to focus on a more holistic model based on a continuum of care for adolescent health and developmental needs. It introduces community-based interventions through peer educators to improve nutrition, prevent injuries, substance abuse and Sexual and reproductive health.
21 National Iron Plus Initiative (NIPI) Dept of Health and Family

Welfare

All children 6

~

months to 5 years, all school going and out of school going children of 6-19 years and women under reproductive age.

Provision of IFA syrup for children of 6 months-5 years and IFA tablets for all other age groups to prevent iron deficiency anemia. IFA is consumed as a prophylactic program on a weekly or bi-weekly basis. Convergence with WCD department and S & ME deptt. is necessary for its quality implementation. Deworming is also conducted on a bi-annual basis under this programme in February and August.
22 Vitamin A (bi­annual)

prophylaxis programme bundling with deworming

Dept of Health and Family

Welfare

All children of 9 months to 5 years. Vitamin A is administered to all children in a bi-annual campaign mode in the month of August and February on immunization days. It is bundled with deworming for all children of 1-5 years age group.
23 National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Programme (NIDDCP) Dept of Health and Family

Welfare

Entire population The programme aims at creating mass awareness on use of only adequately iodised salt for human consumption, conducting surveys through medical colleges, coordinating with other departments (WCD, MDM, FS & CW, Salt department, Food safety commission) for ensuring supply and use of iodised salt.
24 Calcium Supplementation programme with deworming of pregnant women Dept of Health and Family

Welfare

All pregnant and
lactating women.
To prevent death due to pre-eclampsia, bone mineral density and improved birth outcomes and breastmilk calcium concentration, Calcium supplementation is to start in Odisha from FY 2016-17. After 1st trimester, for180 days (6 months) mother has to consume 1 gm of Calcium provided on VHNDs through ANMs. It will continue till 180 days of lactation period. Deworming will be done in the second trimester of pregnancy.
25 National Programme for Prevention and Control of Fluorosis

(NPPCF)

Dept of Health and Family

Welfare

All people

residing in areas with high fluoride content in

drinking water in the districts

Awareness about fluorosis and its effects ; measures to prevent it; diagnostic facilities ; management and rehabilitation of fluorosis cases in 3 districts of Odisha (Nayagarh, Angul, Nuapada)
26 National Vector Borne Disease Control

Programme (NVBDCP)

Dept of Health and Family

Welfare

Entire state The aim is to prevent and control vector borne diseases i.e. Malaria, Dengue, Lymphatic Filariasis, Kala-azar, Japanese Encephalitis and Chikungunya through prevention, communication, training, control and treatment.

It includes distribution of Long lasting insecticidal nets’, through ‘Gaon Kalyan Samiti’. Malaria is a leading cause of iron deficiency anemia in Odisha.

27 Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) Dept of Health and Family

Welfare

All pregnant women belonging to the Below Poverty Line

(BPL) households and ST category.

Under the JSY, eligible pregnant women are entitled for cash assistance irrespective of the age of mother and number of children for giving birth in a government or accredited private health facility.

The objective is to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality by promoting institutional delivery. Cash assistance is provided to mothers @Rs 1400 and ASHAs @ Rs 600 in rural areas and Rs 1000 to mothers and Rs 400 to ASHAs in rural areas in low performing states including Odisha.

28 Pradhan Mantri Surakshit

Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA)

Dept of Health and Family

Welfare

Poor women in their pregnancy period of 3 to 6 months from

semi-urban, rural areas

The scheme aims to provide free checkup to the pregnant women assuring their good health and birth of a healthy child. The free checkup will take place on 9th of every month. All kinds of medical checkups under this scheme will be completely free at the medical centers, government and private hospitals and private clinics across the country.

Women will be marked differently based on their health problems so that doctors can easily detect the problem.

29 Antodaya Anna Yojna (AAY) Food

Supplies and consumer Welfare

Deptt.

The poorest segments of the BPL population. The scale of issue is 35 kg of Rice per family per month @ Rs 1/Kg.
30 Targeted Public Distribution

system under NFSA

Food

Supplies and consumer Welfare

Deptt.

Coverage upto 75% in rural population and upto 50% of the urban population. Total 3.26 crore beneficiaries to be benefitted in the state under this. ~                                                            The eligible persons are entitled to receive 5

Kgs of foodgrains per person per month at subsidised

prices @           Rs. 3/-, Rs. 2/-, Re. 1/- per kg for rice,

wheat and coarse grain respectively.         In Odisha, a

subsidy of Rs 2/- is provided on rice and offered at Rs 1/- per Kg.

~                                                 The AAY households will continue to receive

35 Kgs of rice/ household /month.

31 Mid day meal (MDM) Dept of School and Mass

Education

All children of class 1-8 years going to Govt. or Govt. aided

schools

Mid Day Meal in Schools (MDM) aims at enhancing enrolment, retention and attendance and simultaneously improving nutritional levels among children studying in Government and Govternment aided schools from class 1 to 8. It aims to provide 13 gram of protein and approx 500 Kcal of food every day.